Laws in India

The Constitution of India provides fundamental protections for all Indians. Most crucially, the constitution protects the Right to Life and a number of derivative rights, including the right to health and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. The Government of India has developed a number of specific laws to address reproductive rights issues including child marriage, medical termination of pregnancy and sex selection.
To correct fundamental rights violations and to improve the reproductive rights situation in India, the government of India has developed a number of schemes to improve healthcare, to increase institutional deliveries, and to encourage healthy behaviour. Finally, India is a party to a number of international human rights conventions that obligate the government to protect, promote, respect and fulfill reproductive rights.

This section provides a brief overview of existing legal protections in India.


Twelve million child marriages, despite decline

Articles, Child Marriage, News

A total of 12 million child marriages have been recorded in the country according to the census data of 2011, of whom 7 million are boys and 5 million are girls below their respective legal age of 21 and 18 years, according to a report released by the National ....
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A pregnant woman walked 20km after MP hospital denied her treatment, baby died shortly after delivery

Articles, Madhya Pradesh, Maternal Health, News

In a shocking case of apathy from health officials in Madhya Pradesh, a new born baby died after the mother who was forced to walk 20 km and delivered the baby on the road. The incident happened in Katni district of Madhya Pradesh on Tuesday. Beena, resident of Barmani village, ....
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Indian supreme court rejects child rape victim’s abortion request

Articles, News, Safe Abortion

India’s supreme court has refused to allow a 10-year-old rape victim to have an abortion because doctors said she was too far into her pregnancy. The girl is eight months pregnant, and doctors told the court a termination would pose a threat to her life. Her lawyers said her family ....
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The Maternity Benefit Act (1961)


The Maternity Benefit Act guarantees mandatory maternity leave to all women employed in the government sector. The Act ensures continuation of employment after pregnancy and childbirth abd prohibits dismissal of women who avail themselves of maternity leave benefits. Under the Act, women who have returned to work ....
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Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006)


The 2006 Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCM) repealed the Child Marriage Restraint Act of 1929. In response to a high MMR, civil society activism, litigation, and international attention, the Government of India took a step toward bolstering its child marriage regulations. The act defines “child” as any ....
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