Laws in India

The Constitution of India provides fundamental protections for all Indians. Most crucially, the constitution protects the Right to Life and a number of derivative rights, including the right to health and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. The Government of India has developed a number of specific laws to address reproductive rights issues including child marriage, medical termination of pregnancy and sex selection.
To correct fundamental rights violations and to improve the reproductive rights situation in India, the government of India has developed a number of schemes to improve healthcare, to increase institutional deliveries, and to encourage healthy behaviour. Finally, India is a party to a number of international human rights conventions that obligate the government to protect, promote, respect and fulfill reproductive rights.


This section provides a brief overview of existing legal protections in India.

Laws

Indian supreme court rejects child rape victim’s abortion request

Articles, News, Safe Abortion

India’s supreme court has refused to allow a 10-year-old rape victim to have an abortion because doctors said she was too far into her pregnancy. The girl is eight months pregnant, and doctors told the court a termination would pose a threat to her life. Her lawyers said her family ....
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The Maternity Benefit Act (1961)

Articles

The Maternity Benefit Act guarantees mandatory maternity leave to all women employed in the government sector. The Act ensures continuation of employment after pregnancy and childbirth abd prohibits dismissal of women who avail themselves of maternity leave benefits. Under the Act, women who have returned to work ....
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Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006)

Articles

The 2006 Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCM) repealed the Child Marriage Restraint Act of 1929. In response to a high MMR, civil society activism, litigation, and international attention, the Government of India took a step toward bolstering its child marriage regulations. The act defines “child” as any ....
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The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) ACT, 2010

Articles

The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 has been enacted by the Central Government to provide for registration and regulation of all clinical establishments in the country with a view to prescrib the minimum standards of facilities and services provided by them. You can access the full text ....
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The Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969

Articles

“The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and. as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents”  Article 7, ....
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