Laws in India

The Constitution of India provides fundamental protections for all Indians. Most crucially, the constitution protects the Right to Life and a number of derivative rights, including the right to health and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. The Government of India has developed a number of specific laws to address reproductive rights issues including child marriage, medical termination of pregnancy and sex selection.
To correct fundamental rights violations and to improve the reproductive rights situation in India, the government of India has developed a number of schemes to improve healthcare, to increase institutional deliveries, and to encourage healthy behaviour. Finally, India is a party to a number of international human rights conventions that obligate the government to protect, promote, respect and fulfill reproductive rights.

This section provides a brief overview of existing legal protections in India.


Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (1971)


The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP Act) allows qualified doctors to perform abortions for women in clinics or hospitals. The MTP Act allows abortions for women in specific situations: Women whose physical or mental health is endangered by pregnancy; Women who will give birth to a handicapped or ....
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