The Constitution of India provides fundamental protections for all Indians. Most crucially, the constitution protects the Right to Life and a number of derivative rights, including the right to health and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. The Government of India has developed a number of specific laws to address reproductive rights issues including child marriage, medical termination of pregnancy and sex selection.
To correct fundamental rights violations and to improve the reproductive rights situation in India, the government of India has developed a number of schemes to improve healthcare, to increase institutional deliveries, and to encourage healthy behaviour. Finally, India is a party to a number of international human rights conventions that obligate the government to protect, promote, respect and fulfill reproductive rights.
This section provides a brief overview of existing legal protections in India.
Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006)Articles
The 2006 Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCM) repealed the Child Marriage Restraint Act of 1929. In response to a high MMR, civil society activism, litigation, and international attention, the Government of India took a step toward bolstering its child marriage regulations.
The act defines “child” as any
The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) ACT, 2010Articles
The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 has been enacted by the Central Government to provide for registration and regulation of all clinical establishments in the country with a view to prescrib the minimum standards of facilities and services provided by them.
You can access the full text ....
The Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969Articles
“The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and. as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents” Article 7,
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act 1994Articles
The Government of India enacted this law to respond to the country’s disproportionate sex ratio. First, the Act prohibits genetic laboratories from undertaking any technique that facilitates or causes sex determination (including sperm sorting). Secondly, the Act regulates prenatal diagnostic techniques including ultrasonography to determine the sex of the
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (1971)Articles
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP Act) allows qualified doctors to perform abortions for women in clinics or hospitals. The MTP Act allows abortions for women in specific situations:
Women whose physical or mental health is endangered by pregnancy;
Women who will give birth to a handicapped or
- Maharashtra Siblings Are Using WhatsApp To Campaign Against Virginity Tests In Kanjarbhat Community
- Female Genital Mutilation: India’s Dark Secret
- Despite Sterilization At Delhi Govt Clinic, Woman Gets Pregnant, Asks For Compensation
- The Lancet release latest study on abortion and unintended pregnancy in India
- 56% Abortions Unsafe Despite Being Legal; Proposed Amendments On Hold